A social group that seized control of the city of Thessalonica (c.1341) and established an independent republic there. They appear to have been a movement based on opposition to the great landed aristocracy. This event weakened the power of Cantacuzenus (the power behind the regency of the Byzantine Emperor John V), but he was able to recover Thessalonica in 1354.
Related term(s): None
Category: Dynasties and Groups
Source information: Holmes, George. Europe: Hierarchy and Revolt 1320-1450. Fontana: 1975.