Chief magistrate in the Medieval republic of Venice. The first doge (replacing the earlier constitution of rule by a committee of Tribunes) of Venice was appointed in 697 with absolute power (modified in 1297), and from his accession dates Venice's prominence in history. The last Venetian doge, Lodovico Manin, retired in 1797.
Related term(s): Dux; Sovereign; Chieftain; Monarch; Marshal; Reign
Category: Government and Law
Contributor(s): Alan Chanter
Source information: The Hutchinson History Reference Suite (CD ROM); Collins National Encyclopedia.