In 1075, Pope Gregory VII condemned the practice of secular ruler's rights to invest their abbots and bishops with the symbols of their office (i.e. ring and pastoral staff). In England in 1106, King Henry I would reach a compromise with the Archbishop of Canterbury, Anselm, in which he agreed to give up his investiture rights in exchange for the continuation of bishops to pay him homage for their estates. Archbishop Anselm was exiled shortly thereafter, but he was reconciled with King Henry in 1107 and allowed to return.
Related term(s): Pope; Bishop; Archbishop
Category: Western Christianity
Contributor(s): Alan Chanter
Source information: Kenyon, J.P. The Wordsworth Dictionary of British History. Wordsworth Editions, 1998.