The practice of laypeople investing ecclesiastical officers with the symbols of their ecclesiastical powers; the control of church appointments by the laity, especially secular powers such as kings.
Related term(s): Ecclesiastical; Laity; Secular; Seculum; Ecclesiastic; Clergy
Category: Western Christianity
Contributor(s): Natalie Kohout
Source information: Hollister, C. Warren and Judith M. Bennett. Medieval History: A Short History. 9th ed. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2002.
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