A division, especially a religious one. The two greatest schisms of the medieval period are traditionally dated as occurring in 1054 (between the 'Catholic' and Eastern Orthodox Churches) and in 1378 (between two, and then later three rival claimants to the papacy).
Related term(s): Papal; Pope
Category: Western Christianity
Contributor(s): Natalie Kohout
Source information: Hollister, C. Warren and Judith M. Bennett. Medieval History: A Short History. 9th ed. Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2002.