In 1098 St. Robert established this monastic order. St. Robert wanted Benedictine reform, to follow the Rule of St. Benedict as closely and literally as possible. The order was established at CĂ®teaux. Unlike the Benedictines, the Cistercians were plainer and wore a white habit, and they also farmed their own lands through the help of both hired labor and lay brothers.
Related term(s): Monastic; Monasticism; Benedictine; Habit
Category: Western Christianity
Source information: Singman, Jeffrey L. Daily Life in Medieval Europe. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1999. 142-43.