Usually the second-in-command in a monastery under an abbot, although a prior could run a monastery on his own. Sometimes they would do so when the abbot was away from the monastery or for more extended periods of time (such as in the case of priories).
Related term(s): Prioress; Monastery; Abbot; Priory
Category: Western Christianity
Source information: Singman, Jeffrey L. Daily Life in Medieval Europe. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1999. 145.